By Kenji Matsuo
This primary significant research in English on eastern Buddhism through one in every of Japan's such a lot unique students within the box of non secular reviews is to be generally welcomed. the focus of the paintings is at the culture of the monk (o-bo-san) because the major agent of Buddhism, including the ancient tactics through which clergymen have constructed jap Buddhism because it looks at the moment.
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Extra info for A History of Japanese Buddhism
Increase in numbers of immoral monks Ordination was functioning in medieval Japan, but it did not always mean that ofﬁcial monks were observing the precepts that they had pledged. as the number of ofﬁcial monks increased, the number of immoral monks, or those who broke the precepts, also increased. a typical example of breaking the precept of not killing others was the presence of soldier-monks at Enryakuji and Ko#fukuji. they were armed and took part in battles. Oda Nobunaga 織田信長 (1534–1582), a warlord, attacked and burned Enryakuji in the ninth month of 1571 with the intention of suppressing the religious authority of the temple, and at the same time he wanted to inﬂict a crushing defeat on the troop of monk soldiers.
Preconditions to becoming official monks Various procedures were required including obtaining the approval by the emperor to go through an ofﬁcial initial ordination. a private initial ordination was prohibited. the emperor had the power to allow whomsoever and however many people he wanted to become ofﬁcial monks. those who wished to become one had to sit for an examination, which included reciting the Hokekyo# (Lotus) sutra or the Saisho#-o#-kyo# sutra, both in Chinese pronunciation and Japanese translation, as well as an examination on speciﬁc Buddhist teachings.
Vairocana) of to#daiji in the fourth month of 754 with theVen. : Ganjin; 688–763) together with his fellow monks invited from China. the hardship he experienced during this period is powerfully recorded in the novel Tempyo#-no-Iraka by Inoue Yasushi 井上靖 (1907–91). I visited China in February 2000 and stayed there for four months. Even though the telephone system was well developed, and there were many Japanese restaurants, I found it difﬁcult living in a foreign land with so many differences in language and customs, and I could imagine how difﬁcult it was for Jianzhen to live in Japan.
A History of Japanese Buddhism by Kenji Matsuo